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Black Forest
Black Forest
The enormous richness of fir and spruce has given the Black Forest its name. It is one of the most pristine natural regions in Germany with large, often primeval forest areas, lush green mountain meadows, rushing waterfalls, extensive lakes and steep gorges.
The state of Thuringia is also known as the "green lung of Germany". Thuringia has both flat, fertile regions and extensive forests and low mountain ranges. In the far north, Thuringia borders on the Harz Mountains. The best-known region in the state, besides the cities of Erfurt, Weimar and Jena, is the Thuringian Forest, which stretches from the northwest along the river Saale for about 100 kilometers to the Werra near Eisenach. The Beerberg with 983 meters and the Schneekopf with 978 meters are the highest mountains of the Thuringian Forest.
One of the most fascinating landscapes in Germany is the volcanic Eifel. The region of the Eifel in North Rhine-Westphalia was not always as quiet as it is today. In earlier times volcanoes were active there. Remaining from this time are the 75 maars of the volcanic Eifel. The majority of the maars are dry maars, the remaining number is filled with water. The maars originated at least 10,000 years ago; however, many maars are much older. The landscape of the Eifel is characterised by mixed deciduous forests, streams flowing through meadows and numerous lakes.

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